Correctly calibrated weights indicate precise results and will reduce the probability of any errors in weight measurement which otherwise could cause disastrous results. Calibration is in fact an investment that builds up the confidence for a user. Using non-calibrated equipment can lead to issues in production and quality.
INTRODUCTION TO UNIAXIAL/UNIVERSAL TESTING MACHINES
A universal testing machine (UTM), is also generally known as
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1. IS : 4169-1988 - Method for calibration of force -proving instruments used for the verification of uniaxial testing machines
2. ASTM E 74 – 06: Standard practice of Calibration of Force-Measuring Instruments for Verifying the Force Indication of Testing Machines1.
3. ISO 376:2011(E) - Metallic materials-calibration of force -proving instruments used for the verification of uniaxial testing machines.
1. BS 7882:2008 : Method for calibration and classification of torque measuring devices.
2. EURAMET cg 14: Static Torque measuring devices.
The conventional mass value of a body is equal to the mass mc of a standard that balances this body under conventionally chosen conditions. The unit of the quantity "conventional mass" is the kilogram
The conventionally chosen conditions are:
tref = 20 C 0 = 1.2 kg m-3 c = 8 000 kg m-3
The conventional mass has the same unit as mass, because its values are defined through the multiplication of a mass by a dimensionless quantity.
A Uncertainity of the equipment:
There are two ways of stating measurement error and uncertainity for the entire range of measuring instrument.
1. Percent of full scale deflection or FSD
2. Percent of reading or indicated value
The difference between the two concepts becomes highly significant when an instrument is operating near the bottom of its turn down range. The following example will show the difference between the two.
Assume you have a 100 Nm torque tester (Maximum), and that the stated uncertainity as
Case-1: At 100 Nm ± 0.5%FSD uncertainity is = 0.5 Nm for the entire range. This represents the "best case" uncertainty of the measurement. However, when a lower range is utilized this 0.5 Nm becomes more significant.
A accredited calibration certificate is issued by an Accredited laboratory, which is accredited by various bodies like NABL, DKD, etc as per ISO17025. In such laboratories calibration is done as per relevant standards and procedures, which is accepted and approved during audits. These procedures or standards are the basis for comparison of laboratories capabilities. The Accredited Calibration certificate thus has more credibility as calibration is performed as per certain standards, verified by accreditation bodies and gives the user much more information like uncertainty budget, classifications as per standards, along with the measurement values at various points in the range.
A calibration is a process that compares a known (the standard) against an unknown (the customer's device). During the calibration process, the offset between these two devices is quantified and the customer's device is adjusted back into tolerance (if possible). A true calibration usually contains both "as found" and "as left" data.
measurement uncertainty - parameter, associated with the result of a measurement, that characterizes the dispersion of the values that could reasonably be attributed to the measurand. (International Vocabulary of Basic and General Terms in Metrology)
Advantages of electronic force proving instruments instead of force proving ring device: